A Group of Birds is Called: Exploring the Fascinating World of Avian Terminology

A Group of Birds is Called: Exploring the Fascinating World of Avian Terminology

When it comes to the English language, there are numerous peculiarities and curiosities that can captivate our attention. One such curiosity lies in the collective nouns used to describe groups of animals. From a “murder” of crows to a “parliament” of owls, these terms often evoke a sense of wonder and intrigue. In this article, we will delve into the world of avian terminology and explore the question: What is a group of birds called?

The Origins of Collective Nouns

Collective nouns, also known as terms of venery, have a rich history that dates back to medieval times. They were initially used by hunters to describe groups of animals they encountered during their pursuits. Over time, these terms became more widely known and adopted into the English language, adding a touch of poetic flair to our vocabulary.

While some collective nouns have straightforward origins, others are shrouded in mystery. The origins of many avian collective nouns are often debated among linguists and etymologists. Nevertheless, these terms have become firmly entrenched in our language and continue to fascinate both bird enthusiasts and language aficionados alike.

A Plethora of Avian Collective Nouns

Now, let’s explore some of the most intriguing and captivating collective nouns used to describe groups of birds:

1. A Flock of Birds

The most common and widely recognized collective noun for birds is a “flock.” This term is used to describe a group of birds flying, feeding, or roosting together. Flocks can vary in size, ranging from a small gathering of a few individuals to massive formations that number in the thousands.

Example: “As the sun began to set, a flock of seagulls gracefully soared above the ocean.”

2. A Colony of Birds

When birds gather in large numbers to breed or nest in a specific area, they are referred to as a “colony.” This term is commonly used to describe species such as penguins, herons, and gannets, which exhibit communal nesting behaviors.

Example: “The coastal cliffs were teeming with a colony of puffins, their colorful beaks standing out against the rugged landscape.”

3. A Parliament of Birds

One of the more whimsical collective nouns for birds is a “parliament.” This term is often used to describe a group of owls, perhaps due to their perceived wisdom and solemn demeanor. While the exact origin of this term remains uncertain, it adds a touch of intrigue to the avian lexicon.

Example: “In the moonlit forest, a parliament of owls gathered, their hoots echoing through the night.”

4. A Murder of Crows

Perhaps one of the most well-known and evocative collective nouns for birds is a “murder” of crows. This term is believed to have originated from the Old English word “murthor,” meaning a flock or group. It is often used to describe a group of crows, known for their intelligence and mysterious nature.

Example: “As I walked through the eerie graveyard, a murder of crows perched on the tombstones, their dark silhouettes creating an ominous atmosphere.”

5. A Charm of Hummingbirds

When it comes to describing a group of hummingbirds, the term “charm” is used. This collective noun perfectly captures the enchanting nature of these tiny, iridescent birds. With their rapid wingbeats and vibrant plumage, a charm of hummingbirds is a sight to behold.

Example: “In the garden, a charm of hummingbirds flitted from flower to flower, their iridescent feathers shimmering in the sunlight.”

Unusual and Lesser-Known Collective Nouns

While the aforementioned collective nouns are some of the most widely recognized, the avian world is filled with a plethora of lesser-known and unusual terms. Here are a few examples:

  • A kettle of hawks
  • A siege of herons
  • A bouquet of pheasants
  • A descent of woodpeckers
  • A gulp of cormorants

These terms, although less commonly used, add a touch of whimsy and intrigue to our language, allowing us to paint vivid pictures with words.


Q: Are collective nouns for birds standardized?

A: While some collective nouns for birds have become widely accepted and recognized, there is no official governing body that determines their usage. As a result, alternative terms may exist for certain species or regions.

Q: Can collective nouns for birds be used interchangeably?

A: In some cases, different collective nouns may be used to describe the same group of birds. For example, both a “colony” and a “rookery” can be used to describe a group of nesting herons. However, certain terms are more commonly associated with specific species or behaviors.

Q: Are collective nouns for birds used in scientific contexts?

A: While collective nouns add color and flair to our language, they are not typically used in scientific or technical contexts. In scientific literature, birds are usually referred to by their species name or a more generic term such as “group” or “assemblage.”

Q: Are collective nouns for birds unique to the English language?

A: No, collective nouns exist in many languages and are not exclusive to English. Different languages have their own unique terms to describe groups of animals, reflecting the cultural and linguistic diversity of our world.

Q: Can I create my own collective noun for a group of birds?

A: While there is no official authority governing collective nouns, new terms are occasionally coined by language enthusiasts. If you feel inspired, you can certainly create your own collective noun for a group of birds, adding to the ever-evolving tapestry of the English language.


The world of avian collective nouns is a fascinating one, filled with whimsy, mystery, and poetic charm. From the common “flock” to the more unusual “parliament” or “murder,” these terms add depth and character to our language. While the origins of many collective nouns remain uncertain, their usage has become firmly established in the English lexicon.

Whether you are a bird enthusiast, a lover of language, or simply curious about the quirks of English, exploring the collective nouns for birds opens up a world of wonder and imagination. So

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